Croatian cities for the European Capital of Culture

Nine Croatian cities applied for the competition for the European Capital of Culture for 2020 in Croatia – Dubrovnik, Djakovo, Osijek, Pula, Rijeka, Split, Varazdin, Zadar and Zagreb. Of the reported nine, the “race” continues only four cities: Rijeka (VIDEO), Pula, Osijek (VIDEO) and Dubrovnik (VIDEO). With impatience, we are waiting for the winner…

Foto: Shutterstock

Foto: Shutterstock

And then there were four
The aim of the initiative European Capital of Culture (ECOC) is to promote better mutual understanding between European cities and the contribution of bringing the European countries together, while also highlighting Europe’s cultural wealth and diversity, as well as the common cultural traits of Europe. The advantages offered by this initiative has contributed to a positive change in the identity of the cities, the higher self-esteem of the citizens and increase cultural and tourist cities.
Before Rijeka, Pula, Osijek and Dubrovnik stands still, a great challenge. Namely, these cities selected in the second round will have the opportunity to supplement and complete their candidacy in accordance with the instructions of the Commission. The Commission will visit the cities of entering the second round, and will meet again in early 2016, nine months after the first meeting, to discuss the amended application and then make a decision on who will be the Croatian city of European Capital of Culture 2020.
Mayors of cities that continue to fight for the title of City of Culture did not hide their satisfaction with the continuation of the “battle”, and the fact that they recognized the efforts of their representatives to adequately show their candidacy.

Meet the finalists
Osijek (VIDEO) is the capital of the eastern Croatia. It is located in the valley on the right bank of the Drava River near the confluence of the Danube. The largest city in Slavonia, the fourth largest city in Croatia and the residence of Osijek-Baranja County (VIDEO). Osijek consists of the Old town, the Fortress, built mostly in the 18th century, then the Upper Town, the Lower Town and the New Town and Retfala and industrial districts. Osijek is the city with the most greenery and green areas in Croatia.

Rijeka (VIDEO)(also known as Fiume)  is the largest port in Croatia, the third largest city in Croatia and administrative center of Primorsko-Goranska County. The Hungarian government in the 19th century, because of the ideal geographical position and depth of the sea in the Gulf of Kvarner, turned Rijeka into one of Europe’s largest port and a powerful industrial center. In the early nineties the industry collapsed and there were sharp reductions in port traffic. In the new millennium Rijeka begin to turn the development of tourism and the service sector.

Pula (or Pola) is the largest city in Istria County, lies at the southern tip of the Istrian peninsula in a well-protected bay. Like the rest of the region, Pula is known for its mild climate, calm sea and untouched nature. The city has a long tradition of winemaking, fishing, shipbuilding and tourism, and is a transit port. Pula is Istria’s administrative center since ancient Roman times.

Dubrovnik (VIDEO) (from the old days known as Ragusa)  is a city in the far south of the Croatian coast, the center of the Dubrovnik-Neretva County (VIDEO) and one of the most historic Croatian tourist destinations. In 1979, the city of Dubrovnik joined the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites. The prosperity of the city of Dubrovnik has always been based on maritime trade. In the Middle Ages Dubrovnik, as the Republic of Dubrovnik only city-state on the east coast, was the only Adriatic rival to Venetian Republic. With its wealth and skilled diplomacy, the city achieved a remarkable level of development, particularly during the 15th and 16th centuries. Dubrovnik was one of the centers of Croatian language and literature, home to many notable Croatian poets, playwrights, painters, mathematicians, physicists and other scholars.